Queen Elizabeth II on Wednesday knighted author Salman Rushdie for his services to literature.
When the knighthood was announced in June last year, it sparked condemnation from a number of Muslim countries and organisations, and a threat against UK from al-Qaida.
The Indian-born writer has spent the last 18 years living under the shadow of an Iranian fatwa calling for his death, which has never been formally revoked, over his controversial novel The Satanic Verses.
Rushdie, 61, published his first novel, Grimus, in 1975. Success came with his next book, Midnight’s Children, which won the Booker Prize in 1981. Rushdie was forced to accept round-the-clock protection after The Satanic Verses, was published in 1988. The Iranian government withdrew the death sentence in 1998.