Indian NRI in USA Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and American Thomas Steitz and Israeli Ada Yonath won the 2009 Nobel Prize in chemistry for mapping ribosomes using a method called X-ray crystallography.
Born in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan is a senior scientist at the MRC Laborartory of Molecular Biology at Cambridge. He studied B.Sc.( Physics) at Baroda University and received his Ph.D. in Physics from Ohio University. He then studied biology at the University of California, San Diego and started conducting research.
In the September 21, 2000 issue of Nature, Ramakrishnan published two papers on the 3 Angstrom structure of the 30S ribosomal subunit. He joined the University of Utah in 1995 as a professor in the Department of Biochemistry where he initiated his studies on protein-RNA complexes and the entire 30S subunit.
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas Steitz and Ada Yonath will share the purse of $1.4 million. Each of them will be awarded a diploma and a gold medal at a ceremony to be held in Stockholm on December 10.