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Today is Human Rights Day

Today is Human Rights Day

Today is Human Rights Day

The world observes Human Rights Day Today and our own Andhra Pradesh State Human Rights Commission is doing yeoman’s service to the cause of safe guarding human rights.

In terms of Section 2 of the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 “human rights” means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed under the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India.

“International Covenants” means the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on the December 16, 1966.

The Andhra Pradesh State Human Rights Commission was constituted by the Government of Andhra Pradesh vide GO Ms No. 355, dated 11.08.2005 (General Administration (HRC) Dept.,) as per the provisions laid under Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. The Commission started functioning on 12.08.2005.

Composition of Andhra Pradesh State Human Rights Commission:

Today is Human Rights Day

Today is Human Rights Day

Chairperson: Justice Shri B. Subhashan Reddy

Member : Shri E. Ismail
Secretary: Sri Patil Vithal Rao,
Administrative Officer : Smt. T. Rukmini Devi
Public Relation Officer: Sri V. Ramesh

The functions of National Human Rights Commission and the State Human Rights Commissions are as follows:

a) Inquire, on its own initiative or on a petition presented to it by a victim or any person on his behalf,into complaint of-
i ) violation of human rights or abetment or

ii) negligence in the prevention of such violation,by a public servant;

b) intervene in any proceeding involving any allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court with the approval of such court;

c) visit, under intimation to the State Government, any jail or any other institution under the control of the State Government, where persons are detained or lodged for purposes of treatment, reformation or protection tostudy the living condition of the inmates and make recommendations thereon ;

d) review the safeguards by or under the Constitution or any law for the time being in force for the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation;

e) review the factors, including acts of terrorism that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend appropriate remedial measures;

f) study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation;

g) undertake and promote research in the field of human rights;

h) spread human rights literacy among various sections of society and promote awareness of the safeguards available for the protection of these rights through publications, the media, seminars and other available means;

i) encourage the efforts of non – Governmental organizations and institutions working in the field of human rights;

j) such other functions as it may consider necessary for the promotion of human rights.

Continuous attempts are being made by the National Human Rights Commission to address various Human Rights Issues. Some of these issues are being monitored as Programmes on the directions of the Supreme Court.
The Programmes in pursuance of Supreme Court Remit are :-

• Abolition of Bonded Labour
• Functioning of the Mental Hospitals at Ranchi, Agra and Gwalior
• Functioning of the Government Protective Home (Women), Agra
• Right to Food

Other Programmes and Human Rights issues taken up by the Commission include :-

• Review of the Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929
• Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child
• Preventing Employment of Children by Government Servants: Amendment of Service Rules
• Abolition of Child Labour

• Guidebook for the Media on Sexual Violence against Children
• Trafficking in Women and Children : Manual for the Judiciary for Gender Sensitisation
• Sensitization Programme on Prevention of Sex Tourism and Trafficking
• Maternal Anaemia and Human Rights
• Rehabilitation of Destitute Women in Vrindavan
• Combating Sexual Harassment of Women at the Work Place
• Harassment of Women Passengers in Trains
• Abolition of Manual Scavenging
• Dalits issues including atrocities perpetrated on them
• Problems faced by Denotified and Nomadic Tribes
• Rights of the Disabled
• Right to Health
• Relief Work for the Victims of 1999 Orissa Cyclone
• Monitoring of relief measures undertaken after Gujarat Earthquake 2001
• District Complaints Authority
• Population Policy- Development and Human Rights

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